The Emergency Response Unit (E.R.U.) was established in 1978, as a response to an increase of terrorism in the Middle East region and the serious terrorist acts and events that took place in Cyprus at that time, including the following:
1. The murder of JOYSEF EL-SEPAI Chairman of the Afro-Asiatic Union at the Hilton Hotel in Nicosia
2. The kidnapping of MR ACHILLEAS KYPRIANOY, son of the ex - President of the Republic of Cyprus
3. Rioting at the Central Prisons
The E.R.U. is based in Nicosia but operates all over Cyprus. It acts as an independent unit, directly under the command of the Chief of Police.